Gingivitis

Mouth with swollen gums, with detail of healthy tooth and gums and of unhealthy tooth showing plaque on tooth and swollen gums.

Gum disease (periodontal disease) occurs when plaque is allowed to build up on the teeth and the gums, also called the gingiva. Gingivitis causes red, swollen gums that bleed easily when brushed. It is a type of gum disease that can be reversed.

Current as of: June 30, 2021

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:
Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine
JoLynn Montgomery PA - Family Medicine & Heather Quinn MD - Family Medicine

Symptom Checker

Feeling under the weather?

Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.

Interactive Tools

Get started learning more about your health!

Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups, and pregnancy.